Patient Care

Woman's Fertility Tests

The woman should perform a series of tests to determine if there is infertility.

Hormone tests
To assess the functioning of the menstrual cycle, hormonal determinations are made.

In the first phase of the cycle, 3rd day from your period we study the following hormones: FSH, LH and estradiol, TSH, testosterone, prolactin. We verify if there are alterations in these hormones involved in the follicular development, and that way we are able to diagnose the normal functioning of the ovary. This also allows us to anticipate the behavior when facing the treatment and depending on the results sometimes it is necessary to extend the hormonal study.

Tubal and Uterine Factor
Uterus and fallopian tubes are necessary to complete the reproductive process in pregnancy. The fallopian tubes are the place where the egg and sperm unite and its integrity is required for fertilization to occur and the subsequent descent of the fertilized egg into the uterine cavity for implantation. In order to assess female anatomy normality we have several diagnostic tests.

Vaginal ultrasound
The simplest test and the first to be made due to all information it provides and its innocuousness. With this test we assess the normality of the female reproductive tract. If there is any visible defect in the endometrial cavity by ultrasound, it can be complemented with other tests such as sonohysterography or hysteroscopy.

Sonohysterography
Similar to ultrasound, it is a vaginal ultrasound accompanied by the introduction of sterile saline solution in the uterine cavity, obtaining the loosening of the same and thus visualizing inside the presence of polyps or myomas that may interfere with embryo implantation or cause abortions. If this were the case, we will complement the study according to the pathology found with a hysteroscopy. While performing this test we also make a trail transfer with the same catheter for embryo transfers to verify that there is no narrowness that would impede the transfer.

Hysteroscopy
It consists of direct visualization of the uterine cavity with a small camera inserted through the cervix. With the hysteroscopy we have the advantage of being able to resolve at that moment the pathology that led to its indication. In other words, we can remove small endometrial polyps, myomas or uterine septa that may interfere with embryo implantation in the endometrium.

Hysterosalpingography
This technique consists of a series of x-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes after administration of contrast media through the cervix. Mainly it is used to check the condition of the fallopian tubes to verify if they are blocked or inflamed. It also reports the condition found inside the uterine cavity, because if it shows that the cavity is not uniform, we suspect the presence of myomas, septa, polyps, etc.

Laparoscopy
Consists of direct abdominal visualization of the female reproductive tract with an optical system (endoscope) inserted through the navel. It is a surgical technique as hysteroscopy that allows us not only to reach a diagnosis but to make the adequate surgical treatment in each case, for example, removal of ovarian cysts, fulguration of endometriosis lesions, removal of myomas, or release of adhesions that are interfering with fertility.

Thanks to our equipments of last technology we can obtain very high quality embryos with which our pregnancy rates are the highest of the country.