Infertility treatment usually begins with medication. Assisted reproduction techniques such as artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization (IVF) may also be used. Other techniques are for example tubuloplasty, assisted incubation and DGP.
Artificial Insemination: This technique is indicated for cases of sperm alteration. It consists in depositing the sperm of the couple or donor inside the uterus previously stimulated. Pregnancy probability is of 15% for each attempt made.
In Vitro Fertilization: Woman undergoes an ovarian stimulation and then the eggs are extracted. Eggs are placed in an incubator together with the sperm of the couple or donor, and after a certain period it is verified if they are fertilized. Later the embryo is transferred to the uterus. The probability of pregnancy with this technique is between 35 and 45% per attempt.
ICSI (Microinjection): This technique is carried out when the semen is of poor quality. It is similar to the classical in vitro fertilization, except that a single spermatozoon is taken with a pipette and placed directly into the egg.
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: is carried out in cases of genetic diseases, repeated abortions, failure of implementation. It is similar to In Vitro Fertilization with ICSI but at the laboratory, biopsies of the oocytes or embryos are performed in order to analyze them from genetic point of view.
We know that the success of a fertility treatment can only be achieved with the close collaboration between embryologists, gynecologists, nurses, urologists and anesthesiologists