Artificial Insemination (AI) is an assisted reproduction technique, fast and easy, used since long time ago.
Artificial Insemination (AI) is an assisted reproduction technique, fast and easy, used since long time ago. It is a process whereby sperm, once capacitated at the laboratory, is injected inside woman’s uterus through a very fine catheter. To perform an insemination it is necessary to have at least one permeable Fallopian tube and a semen sample in good condition.
What are the steps that you must follow?
Once doctors have determined that artificial insemination is the most appropriate technique to solve your problem of infertility, the steps are:
- Ovarian Stimulation
In order to increase the effectiveness of the insemination, drugs to induce ovulation are used, whose dose is adjusted to each particular patient, thus avoiding an excessive ovary response to medication, which may result in multiple gestations. Likewise, it is essential to check the evolution of the ovary by means of serial vaginal ultrasounds (follicle ultrasound scan) to control the ovarian response in a better manner. These ultrasound controls are short and generally are from two to four.
- Semen Preparation
The day in which insemination takes place the male partner gives a semen sample at our clinic. We select and concentrate the motile sperm, increasing its fertilizing capacity by keeping it in an adequate culture media. The laboratory work requires from one to two hours. The insemination is performed and then the patient rests for 15 minutes. Afterwards she may return to her normal life.
• You should not confuse artificial insemination with In Vitro Fertilization. The artificial insemination is a procedure where fertilization occurs in a natural manner in the fallopian tube.
• When artificial insemination is performed with the partner’s sperm it is called Homologous Artificial Insemination; if resorted to donor’s sperm it is called Heterologous Artificial Insemination.
• In order to perform this technique the signing of an informed consent by the two members of the couple is required, as well as a negative infectious serology, to ensure the good health of your child.
• It is performed at the doctor’s office since it is a fast and simple technique. It is a process whereby the capacitated sperm is placed into the uterus as close as possible to the fallopian tubes using a thin cannula called catheter.
• The pregnancy rate per each cycle of insemination treatment is around 20-22%. After 3 or 4 insemination procedures the pregnancy probabilities are 70%. In case of failing to achieve pregnancy, an in vitro fertilization treatment should be performed.
• Sometimes it is necessary to use donor’s sperm, due to absence of sperm in the male. In these cases the procedure is the same, except for the use of anonymous donor’s sperm previously selected and prepared in our sperm bank. In these cases, success rates is 25% per cycle.
• Donors are young people who are subjected to a very strict control. They must have good physical and mental health, negative family history for genetically transmitted diseases, normal karyotype and negative study for cystic fibrosis and sexually transmitted diseases such as: AIDS, hepatitis B and C, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, herpes virus, cytomegalovirus, toxoplasma, rubella and syphilis. The sperm is frozen at -196 °C until its use.
Let us guide you to fulfill your dream of being parents, let’s start together the 9 most wonderful months of their lives!